It is an underlying fact that India is more a home than a nation to the millions of people who live in here and this feeling of intimacy towards one’s home is a characteristic feature of every Indian. The notion of nation was an alien invasion which not only restricted us to geographical entities but also created social, cultural, and most importantly, religious differences in the realm of political agendas. Religious markers were labeled on every individual and one assumed an identity through such constructs. The isolation of minorities from the majority, rift between religions, and domination through power were all resultants of the political dogma. The worst effects were witnessed in the religious scenario as India was perceived, by a few, as a construct of Hindutva. This not only led to the estrangement of rest the society, especially Muslims, from their homeland but also questioned their allegiance and loyalty. The Muslim community was still coping with this isolation when they were distanced even further with the tag of being propagators of terrorism thrust on them, which deeply damaged their sentiment of patriotism. The feeling of being viewed either as outsiders or perpetrators of havoc has intensified over the time and has widened the gap between communities.
The Government of India and various committees have continually worked towards fortifying the Muslim community by providing various benefits and reinforcing their rights in the societal arena. Though the status of Muslims has come under constant scrutiny, it is important to realize that the chaos exists at a superficial level. The problems of communal violence and religious intolerance are instigated by political underpinnings, they have no value in the lives of people, the feeling of brotherhood and oneness continues to exist. People reside with each other in harmony and contribute equally to the growth of India as a nation.
Despite the communal synchronization the condition of Muslims is complicated as the various efforts by the Government lack efficient implementation. The Government has set up schools and other assistance to educate the rural population but the girls are hardly aware of education and the boys dropout after high-school in order to fend for themselves. The role of Government ends at setting up institutions, there is no effort to persuade the masses to make them realize the possibilities that can come up through education. The graph of education in Muslim population is comparatively lower as the family is larger and the parents find it difficult to provide schooling to all, it is rather easier to employ them in petty occupations and help obtain some income for the family. This increases the probability of illiteracy and unemployment among the Muslims and gravitates escalation of the community.
The religion of Islam is seen as oppressive and domineering, governing the ethics of life. It is argued by many that it is Islam that rules the livelihood of Muslims, who are dictated by a certain set of restrictions and who possess no freedom or integrity of their own. The position of women is even more subjugated as they are expected to function within the framework of the patriarchal setup. There is constant pressure on the existence of women as they are bound to adhere to the imperatives which are translated by the male clerics. The truth remains unidentified that these restrictions are unreasonably blown out of proportion in order to defy the principles of religious conviction. The limitation is a consequence of the misinterpretation of the religious doctrines which is continually promulgated in the mindset of people that reinforce an image of negativity.
The position of Muslims in India cannot be conclusive as the choice remains in the hands of the people. It is our foremost duty to exploit the resources granted by the government for our own progress and development. It is unfair to concentrate specifically on definite castes or communities as it tends to leave out the rest of the society from the view of advancement. Determining the status of Muslims in comparison with others widens the rift and calls for simulated sympathy. The responsibility of building up and fixing a position in India is an obligation of not only every Muslim but that of every Indian, in order to conceptualize the emblem of a free India.